Ontonormy posttraumatické stresové poruchy u válečných veteránů v Bosně a Hercegovině

Jaroslav Klepal

Abstrakt


It is common for medical anthropologists to draw upon social constructivism
in their research and analysis of psychological trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and argue that trauma and PTSD should not be considered as inevitable realities determined by the nature of things. This article shows that such a standpoint produces two side-eff ects. First, it allows medical anthropologists to distill a purely social ontology of trauma and PTSD, by claiming that their realness is a product of psychiatric discourse, moral
economy or Western hegemony. Second, it leads to the use (implicit as well as explicit) of pregiven normative claims about trauma and PTSD, ranging from refusing their inevitability to appealing for their repudiation. Contrary to the social constructivist analyses, this article strictly considers both the ontology of PTSD and its normativity as an empirical question.
Drawing on Annemarie Mol’s “ontonorms”, it shows ethnographically how multiple and heterogeneous PTSD (PTSD as a disposition to violence; PTSD as proof of injustice) and war veterans (walking time-bombs, beggars, therapeutic heroes) are enacted and how various dangers, ideals, values and goods loom in, and back up, these enactments in the case of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s public arena.


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