Přísliby a úskalí symetrie: sociální vědy v zemi za zrcadlem

Authors

  • Luděk Brož Univerzita Karlova Autor
  • Tereza Stöckelová Univerzita Karlova Autor

Keywords:

symmetrical, anthropology, symmetrical archaeology, Bruno Latour, non-human research ethics, Actor-Network Theory

Abstract

Given the prominence of Bruno Latour’s work in contemporary social scientific thinking we observe that his call for “symmetrical anthropology” (1991) generated comparatively little following. Th e aim of this article (and the special issue as a whole) is to re-introduce “symmetrical anthropology” in the Czech social scientifi c milieu as a research programme worth pursuing. Contrary to accusations of Latour’s work, and Actor-Network Theory more generally, of political naïveté, if not conservatism, we understand symmetrical anthropology as a challenging incentive to study our world of multiple asymmetries: social, economic, geopolitical, biological, communicational. The challenge is simultaneously analytical, conceptual and methodological just as it is political and ethical. We start our proposal by introducing the genealogy of the notion of symmetry in social sciences from science studies to symmetrical archaeology. Th en we map out what we see as conceptually kin current trends in social sciences such as the advent of material culture studies, recent fl ourishing of multi-species ethnography or the so-called “ontological turn”. In this context we explain why we fi nd comfort in the comparatively humble and seemingly outdated label of “symmetrical anthropology”. In the next section, we open the question of research ethics in methodologically symmetrical approaches, drawing on works that off er an alternative to the Kantian paradigm of ethics. Finally, we discuss whether symmetrical approaches form an apolitical body of scholarship, as many critiques argue, or rather open up new horizons of social engagement and critique in social sciences. We round up our argument by introducing empirical symmetrical studies collected in this special issue.

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Published

2015-01-10

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Přísliby a úskalí symetrie: sociální vědy v zemi za zrcadlem. (2015). Cargo Journal, 13(1-2), 5-33. http://cargojournal.org/index.php/cargo/article/view/95

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